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A View On India’s Upcoming Air-Defence Systems

VL-SRSAM Information

VL-SRSAM Information

Name of the missile VL-SRSAM
Developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Type Surface-to-Air missile
Guidance mechanism Fibre-optic gyroscope based inertial guidance (mid-course) and active radar homing (terminal phase)
Capability Lock on before launch (LOBL) and lock on after launch (LOAL)
Communication Datalink for mid-course updates
Intended for Replacement of Barak 1 surface to air missile system on Indian Navy warships and short range air defence system for Indian Air Force
Service history In service (from 2022)
Used by Indian Navy
Designer Defence Research and Development Organisation
Manufacturer Bharat Dynamics Limited
Mass 154 kg (340 lb)
Length 3.84 m (12.6 ft)
Diameter 178 mm (7.0 in)
Warhead High-explosive pre-fragmented HMX/PU[1]
Detonation mechanism Radio proximity fuze
Engine Solid-propellant rocket
Wingspan 508 mm (20.0

VSHORAD Information

VSHORAD Missile Specifications
Type Short-range Air Defense (SHORAD)
Place of origin India
In service Under development
Designer Research Centre Imarat (DRDO)
Manufacturer Adani Defence and Aerospace
Mass 20.5 kg (45 lb)
Length 2.00 metres (6 ft 7 in)
Diameter 90 mm (3.5 in)
Warhead 2.0 kg (4.4 lb)
Detonation mechanism Adaptive proximity fuze
Engine Dual-thrust rocket motor
Wingspan 32 cm (13 in)
Propellant Solid propellant
Operational range 250 m (820 ft) – 6 km (20,000 ft)
Flight altitude 3,500 m (11,500 ft)
Maximum speed Mach 1.5
Guidance system Dual waveband infra-red
Launch platform Tripod, weapon platform
DRDO Missile Tests

Akash Missile Specifications

Type Medium range Surface-to-air missile system
Place of origin India
In service 2023 (planned)
Used by Indian Air Force
Designer Defence Research and Development Organisation
Designed 2021
Manufacturer Bharat Dynamics Limited
Bharat Electronics Limited
Electropneumatics and Hydraulics India
Rate of fire 1 missile in 10 seconds
3 missiles in 20 seconds
Warhead Fragmentation
Detonation mechanism Optical proximity fuze
Engine Dual-pulse solid rocket motor
Propellant Solid fuel
Operational range 40–70 km (25–43 mi)
Flight altitude 0.030–14 km (98-45,932 ft)
Guidance system Mid-course: Inertial navigation system with two way datalink
Terminal: Active radar homing
XR-SAM Specifications

XRSAM Information

Specification Details
Name XR-SAM (eXtra-long Range Surface to Air Missile)
Developed by Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)
Place of origin India
Service history In service 2024 (planned)
Warhead Fragmentation
Detonation mechanism Optical proximity fuze
Operational range 350-400 km
Use against 250 km against fighter jets, 350 km against cruise missiles, sea skimming anti-ship missiles, AWACS and mid air refuelers and will be capable of bringing down ballistic missiles and stealth fighters in the terminal stage.

Indian Defence Forces on a buying spree, DAC clears Purchase of ₹75000

A still of Advance Towed Artillery Gun System

The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has approved proposals worth Rs 70,500 crore for the Indian Armed Forces and Indian Coast Guard under the Buy (Indian-IDDM) category. The approvals include acquisitions of BrahMos missiles, Shakti EW systems, utility helicopters for maritime use, Long Range Stand-Off Weapons (LRSOW), 155mm/52 Caliber ATAGS, and High Mobility and Gun Towing Vehicles. Let's take a closer look at each proposal:

A brahmos fired from ins Delhi
A Brahmos fired from INS Delhi
  1. BrahMos missiles, Shakti EW systems & Utility Helicopters-Maritime: The DAC has cleared proposals worth Rs 56,000 crore for the Indian Navy, which include the acquisition of BrahMos missiles, Shakti EW systems, and utility helicopters for maritime use. The BrahMos missiles are supersonic cruise missiles that can be launched from land, sea, and air. The acquisition of these missiles will enhance the Navy's ability to strike targets on land and sea. The Shakti EW systems are electronic warfare systems that will provide the Navy with the ability to detect and jam enemy communications and radar signals. The utility helicopters will be used for a variety of missions, including search and rescue, anti-submarine warfare, and special operations.
  2. Long Range Stand-Off Weapon (LRSOW): The DAC has approved the acquisition of Long Range Stand-Off Weapons (LRSOW) for the Indian Air Force, which will be integrated onto SU-30 MKI aircraft. LRSOW is a long-range, air-launched standoff missile that can be used against a variety of targets, including enemy air defense systems, command and control centers, and communication facilities. The acquisition of LRSOW will provide the Air Force with a powerful and flexible weapon system that can be used in a variety of missions.
  3. 155mm/52 Caliber ATAGS: The DAC has approved the acquisition of 155mm/52 Caliber Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) for the Indian Army. The ATAGS is a next-generation artillery gun system that will provide the Army with increased firepower, range, and accuracy. The acquisition also includes High Mobility and Gun Towing Vehicles, which will enable the Army to quickly deploy and operate the ATAGS in a variety of terrains.
  4. Indian Coast Guard to get ALH MK-III: The DAC has approved the acquisition of ALH MK-III helicopters for the Indian Coast Guard from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The ALH MK-III is a multi-role helicopter that will be used for a variety of missions, including search and rescue, coastal surveillance, and maritime security. The acquisition of these helicopters will enhance the Coast Guard's ability to respond to a variety of situations and ensure the safety and security of India's coastal waters.
An image shows Alh mk-3, Image Source:- Wikipedia

The proposals approved by the DAC will provide the Indian Armed Forces and Indian Coast Guard with advanced and modern equipment to enhance their capabilities and protect the nation's interests. These acquisitions demonstrate the government's commitment to strengthening India's defense capabilities and ensuring the safety and security of its citizens.

China’s AI Warship Designer Does Nearly 1 Years’ Work in a Day

As the world rapidly advances in technology, China seems to be leading the race in the development and application of artificial intelligence in various sectors, including the military.

A representational image of an aircraft carrier.

Recently, a news article published by South China Morning Post (SCMP) reported on China's AI warship designer who does nearly 1 years' worth of work in a day. In this article, we aim to provide a comprehensive overview of this groundbreaking achievement and how it could impact the future of naval warfare.


Artificial intelligence has been a game-changer in many industries, including the military. The use of AI in the military has the potential to provide significant advantages over traditional warfare. China has been investing heavily in AI development and research, with a focus on military applications. One of China's recent achievements in AI development is the creation of an AI warship designer who can do nearly a years' worth of work in a day.

What is an AI Warship Designer?

An AI warship designer is a software program that can design and optimize warships using algorithms and machine learning. This technology allows for the rapid design and testing of different ship configurations and layouts, which can significantly reduce the time and cost required for traditional design methods.

How Does it Work?

The AI warship designer uses algorithms and machine learning to analyze data from various sources, including historical naval battles, weather patterns, and ocean currents. The software can then generate multiple ship designs based on this data and test them using virtual simulations. This process allows for the rapid testing of different designs and configurations, enabling the selection of the most effective and efficient design for a specific purpose.

Impact on Naval Warfare

The development of an AI warship designer has the potential to revolutionize naval warfare. Traditional ship design methods require significant resources and time, often taking years to design and build a single warship. With the AI warship designer, this process can be significantly reduced, allowing for the rapid deployment of new ships with the most advanced technology and features.

Moreover, the AI warship designer can optimize ship designs based on real-time data, including weather patterns and ocean currents, which can greatly improve the efficiency and effectiveness of naval operations. The use of AI in naval warfare also has the potential to reduce the risk of human casualties by allowing for unmanned ships to be deployed in high-risk areas.


China's AI warship designer is a groundbreaking achievement in the field of artificial intelligence and naval warfare. The development of this technology has the potential to significantly reduce the time and cost required for ship design and testing while improving the efficiency and effectiveness of naval operations. As the use of AI in the military continues to evolve, it is likely that we will see even more advancements and applications in the future.

Iran Unveils World’s First Air Defence Small Boat with Nawab Short-Range SAM System

Iran Unveils World's First Air Defence Small Boat with Nawab Short-Range SAM System

Video shows the Iran's small boat capability of firing SAM , video courtesy:- Telegram channel

IRAN reveals world's first Air Defence Small Boat equipped with Nawab Short-range SAM System.

Iran has a long history of naval forces dating back to the Persian Empire. The country's current naval defence strategy is focused on securing its:-

  • Maritime borders protecting,
  • Securing its oil export,
  • Security against hostility of Israel as in past Israel used it's drones against Iran,
  • Projecting power in the region.

Overview of Iran's Air defense small boat

The ADSB is a small, fast-moving boat designed to protect Iran's coastal waters from air threats, such as drones and helicopters. The Nawab SAM system is equipped with radars and can detect several targets at a time. It is capable of shooting down targets at ranges of up to 12 kilometres. The boat's small size and manoeuvrability make it challenging to detect and track, increasing its effectiveness as a defensive asset. The ADSB will be used primarily in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz, where tensions between Iran and its regional rivals have been high.

Nawab SAM

The Nawab SAM system, developed by Iran's military industry, is a short-range surface-to-air missile system designed for fast reaction and high accuracy against aerial targets. The system is equipped with advanced radar and tracking systems which allow it to detect and engage multiple targets simultaneously. The Nawab system is highly effective against low-flying targets such as drones, helicopters, and cruise missiles. The system's range and effectiveness make it a valuable addition to Iran's air defence capabilities.

Implications of the New Development

The ADSB provides Iran with a new layer of air defence to its coastal waters . It could deter potential threats and increase the country's defensive capabilities. The Nawab SAM system, combined with Iran's existing air defence systems, strengthens the country's ability to defend against airborne threats.

However, the development of the ADSB and Nawab SAM system could also increase tensions with other countries in the region. The system's range and effectiveness could lead to concerns from rival countries and could lead to a regional instability. It is remains to be seen how other countries will respond to this development and how it will impact regional security.

India’s Defence Ministry to Purchase $1 Billion Worth of Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Systems (ATAGS) in Major ‘Make-in-India’ Initiative

The Indian Army has recently proposed to purchase 307 Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Systems (ATAGS) worth over $1 billion from the Ministry of Defence in India. This is significant step towards the 'Make-in-India' initiative in the defence sector. As earlier, Indian Army committed to modernize its defence capabilities and promoting indigenous production in the country.

Image credit :- Wikipedia

The ATAGS is an indigenous howitzer that is considered the best gun in its class. The gun can strike targets at around 50 kilometers and has undergone extensive trials in various altitudes and terrains. The Indian Army has conducted rigorous testing of the gun. After which many upgrades based on user feedback, proves its reliability in both burst, intense, and sustained modes.

Image credit :- ANI

The ATAGS is the result of the Defence Research and Development Organisation's (DRDO) mission mode project, in which the Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) Pune served as the nodal laboratory for design and development, along with other DRDO laboratories. The DRDO has shared the technology and know-how of the howitzer with two private firms, Tata Advanced Systems and Bharat Forge group, who will supply the system to the forces, including over 320 high mobility vehicles.

The purchase of the ATAGS not only modernizes India's defence capabilities but also boosts domestic production and reduces dependence on imports. The 'Make-in-India' initiative aims to create jobs in the country and promote indigenous production in the defence sector.

In addition to its impressive range and accuracy, the ATAGS has several other features that make it the best gun in its class. Here are some of its key features:

Superior Firepower:

The ATAGS has a 155 mm/52 caliber gun that can fire up to five rounds per minute, making it one of the most powerful guns in its class. The gun has a high rate of fire, which is critical during intense combat situations.

Advanced Technology:

The ATAGS is equipped with advanced technology, including a digital fire control system that enhances the accuracy of the gun. The gun have electronic gun-laying system, making it easier for the operator to aim and fire the gun.


The ATAGS is highly mobile and towed by a variety of vehicles, making it easier to move to different locations. The gun can also be air-transportable, which is essential for quick deployment during emergency situations.


The ATAGS is designed to operate in various terrains, including high altitude areas, desert, and plains. The gun can fire a range of ammunition

  • High Explosive
  • Smoke
  • Illumination Rounds

making it adaptable to different situations.

In conclusion, the Indian Army's proposal to purchase 307 ATAGS marks a significant step in the 'Make-in-India' initiative . The ATAGS is a highly advanced and reliable gun system that has undergone rigorous testing, making it the best gun in its class. The purchase of the ATAGS will modernizes India's defence capabilities. It also boosts domestic production and reduces dependence on imports.

India's Defence Ministry to Purchase $1 Billion Worth of Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Systems (ATAGS) in Major 'Make-in-India' Initiative