A View On India’s Upcoming Air-Defence Systems

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VL-SRSAM Information

VL-SRSAM Information

Name of the missile VL-SRSAM
Developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Type Surface-to-Air missile
Guidance mechanism Fibre-optic gyroscope based inertial guidance (mid-course) and active radar homing (terminal phase)
Capability Lock on before launch (LOBL) and lock on after launch (LOAL)
Communication Datalink for mid-course updates
Intended for Replacement of Barak 1 surface to air missile system on Indian Navy warships and short range air defence system for Indian Air Force
Service history In service (from 2022)
Used by Indian Navy
Designer Defence Research and Development Organisation
Manufacturer Bharat Dynamics Limited
Specifications
Mass 154 kg (340 lb)
Length 3.84 m (12.6 ft)
Diameter 178 mm (7.0 in)
Warhead High-explosive pre-fragmented HMX/PU[1]
Detonation mechanism Radio proximity fuze
Engine Solid-propellant rocket
Wingspan 508 mm (20.0

VSHORAD Information

VSHORAD Missile Specifications
Type Short-range Air Defense (SHORAD)
Place of origin India
In service Under development
Designer Research Centre Imarat (DRDO)
Manufacturer Adani Defence and Aerospace
Mass 20.5 kg (45 lb)
Length 2.00 metres (6 ft 7 in)
Diameter 90 mm (3.5 in)
Warhead 2.0 kg (4.4 lb)
Detonation mechanism Adaptive proximity fuze
Engine Dual-thrust rocket motor
Wingspan 32 cm (13 in)
Propellant Solid propellant
Operational range 250 m (820 ft) – 6 km (20,000 ft)
Flight altitude 3,500 m (11,500 ft)
Maximum speed Mach 1.5
Guidance system Dual waveband infra-red
Launch platform Tripod, weapon platform
DRDO Missile Tests

Akash Missile Specifications

Type Medium range Surface-to-air missile system
Place of origin India
In service 2023 (planned)
Used by Indian Air Force
Designer Defence Research and Development Organisation
Designed 2021
Manufacturer Bharat Dynamics Limited
Bharat Electronics Limited
Electropneumatics and Hydraulics India
Rate of fire 1 missile in 10 seconds
3 missiles in 20 seconds
Warhead Fragmentation
Detonation mechanism Optical proximity fuze
Engine Dual-pulse solid rocket motor
Propellant Solid fuel
Operational range 40–70 km (25–43 mi)
Flight altitude 0.030–14 km (98-45,932 ft)
Guidance system Mid-course: Inertial navigation system with two way datalink
Terminal: Active radar homing
XR-SAM Specifications

XRSAM Information

Specification Details
Name XR-SAM (eXtra-long Range Surface to Air Missile)
Developed by Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)
Place of origin India
Service history In service 2024 (planned)
Warhead Fragmentation
Detonation mechanism Optical proximity fuze
Operational range 350-400 km
Use against 250 km against fighter jets, 350 km against cruise missiles, sea skimming anti-ship missiles, AWACS and mid air refuelers and will be capable of bringing down ballistic missiles and stealth fighters in the terminal stage.

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